Research Updates

Evidence backs plain packaging tobacco strategy

Plain packaging of cigarettes may reduce the number of people who smoke, according to a new review of the evidence. The Cochrane Review analysed 51 studies of standardised packaging, involving about 800,000 participants, which each analysed different factors such as how packs may affect overall smoking levels, quit attempts, number … Continue reading

Report calls for primary care reform

A new report calls for GPs to be paid to collect primary care data, and for changes to Medicare’s fee-for-service payments system, in order to cut avoidable hospital admissions and provide better care for people with chronic disease. The Grattan Institute report, Building better foundations for primary care, states that … Continue reading

Modelling tool gives insights into suicide prevention

Greater GP training could prove one of the most effective ways to prevent suicide, according to researchers who used an innovative modelling tool to predict the impact of a range of interventions, new research shows. The researchers, who outlined their work in a paper in Public Health Research & Practice, said that the … Continue reading

Benefits of team-based care after hospital discharge

Patients enrolled in team-based primary care are less likely to end up in the emergency department and have lower mortality rates after discharged from hospital compared to those attending traditional primary care practices, a new study finds. The researchers analysed 620,656 admissions involving 312,377 older or chronically ill patients between … Continue reading

Primary care home impacts revealed

Primary care homes can reduce emergency department use, cut patient stays in hospital and improve staff satisfaction, a new report on a UK trial of the care model suggests. In the UK, the primary care home (PCH) model was developed by the National Association of Primary Care (NAPC) to help … Continue reading

Can media campaigns impact health policy?

Media campaigns aimed at influencing health policy making can have a range of positive effects, but there is a risk such interventions can backfire and have negative impacts, a new review suggests. The researchers said the media could contribute to various areas of policy making, including setting the agenda, influencing … Continue reading

Dengue fever often missed in Australian travellers

Researchers have urged greater awareness of the signs and symptoms of dengue fever, after finding that two in five returned Australia travellers hospitalised with the infection had warning signs linked to life-threatening complications. The researchers analysed 208 confirmed cases of dengue between 2012 and 2015 across four healthcare networks: three … Continue reading

Evidence stacks up on workforce strategies

There is sufficient evidence to support a range of strategies to improve the quantity, quality, stability and longevity of the rural and remote health workforce in Aboriginal communities that should be considered by policy makers and funders, a new review finds. The researchers from the University of Sydney reviewed 26 papers, with … Continue reading

Hospital mortality and readmissions in the spotlight

Hospital mortality rates from ischaemic stroke have fallen markedly among patients in NSW over the past three years, according to a new report that looks at variations in both hospital mortality and readmissions for up to nine different conditions. The Bureau of Health Information report assesses how hospital mortality rates up … Continue reading